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Diabetes in Children and Adolescents

By regst
Diabetes in Children and Adolescents

Diabetes is a widely seen chronic disease in childhood. It can attack children at any age, including pre-school children and even toddlers. Al though this is the case, diabetes in children is often diagnosed late, when the child has diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), or it is misdiagnosed totally.

In many parts of the world, insulin, the major life-saving medication that children with diabetes require to survive, is not available (or is available but remains unutilized for reasons of economy, geography or restraints on supply). Consequently, many children die of diabetes, specifically in low and middle-income countries. Those closest to the child like family, school staff, family doctor, may not have any knowledge about the initial indications.

The World Diabetes Day 2007 and 2008 campaigns desired to challenge this and deeply communicate the message that “no child should die of diabetes”. Today, in excess of 240 million people worldwide are suffering from diabetes. Inside the next 20 years, this number is anticipated to advance to 380 million. Children are not secure from this global epidemic, with its unbearable and life-threatening complications.

Type 1 diabetes is rising by 3% per year in children and adolescents, and at a frightening 5% per year among pre-school children. It is estimated that 70,000 children under 15 are struck by type 1 diabetes each year (almost 200 children a day). Of the estimated 440,000 cases of type 1 diabetes in children across the world, more than a quarter reside in South-East Asia, and more than a fifth in Europe.

Type 2 diabetes was once perceived as a disease of adults. Today, this type of diabetes is advancing at shocking rates in children and adolescents. In the US, it is estimated that type 2 diabetes covers between 8 and 45% of fresh diabetes cases in children depending on geographic location.

Over a 20-year period, type 2 diabetes has doubled in children in Japan and as a result, it is more common than type 1. In native and aboriginal children in North America and Australia, the incidence rate of type 2 diabetes ranges from 1.3 to 5.3%.

Diabetes has a distinct effect on children and their families. The daily life of children is thwarted by the need to monitor blood glucose levels, undergo medication, and balance the impact of activity and food. Diabetes can disturb the normal developmental necessities of childhood and adolescence, which comprise succeeding in school and maturing to adulthood.

To assist the child and family cope, and to make sure the best possible physical and emotional child health is there, care should be provided by a multidisciplinary team having good awareness about pediatric issues. Back-up must also be given to caregivers and to school personnel.

In this way, children with type 1 or type 2 diabetes can enter adulthood with as little adverse effect as possible on their well-being. For children having diabetes in developing countries the condition at present is poor.

The 2007 campaign aims to increase awareness of the surging prevalence of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Early diagnosis and early education are of paramount importance to bringing down complications and saving lives.

The healthcare community, educators, parents and guardians must combine efficiently to assist children living with diabetes, prevent the condition in those at risk, and keep away unnecessary death and disability.

Watch the video related to diabetes in children

Dr. Jon Oden, an endocrinologist at Children’s, says it’s becoming more common for children to be diagnosed with Type II diabetes, a disease that used to be known as adult-onset diabetes. Find out why more children are showing symptoms of the disease and what you can do to prevent your child from a diabetes diagnosis.

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Bangkok Hospital – 36 years of advanced medical technology and expertise, complemented with Thai hospitality and compassionate care. Includes the world-renowned Bangkok Heart Hospital and specializing in oncology, neurology and orthopedics. Some of the worlds most advanced minimally invasive diagnostics and treatment procedures are in place.

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Categories : Diabetes-News



This was a very informative and interesting video commentary. Thanks to Dr. Oden for all his hard work.
Dr. Elizabeth Blum


wow. Looks like you had allot of thought to this. My thoughts to this. People have been drinking milk for positively centuries and millenia. If you like it, drink it. If you don't, don't.


I don't know much about diabetes, but as a mother I know I would love to read up on anything that would make my child's life easier and less painful. So all those parents out there dealing with their child's diabetes would probably be so thankful to read about this!


You might want to examine yourself too, if you're the one feeding him.


1. Which of the following statements is NOT true about obesity? (1 point)
(0 pts) It is usually considered to be 30% or more over the ideal body weight
(0 pts) It puts a strain on the heart, that can increase the chance of heart disease and high blood pressure
(1 pt) It is a physical condition, not psychological
(0 pts) It is a serious chronic disease
0 /1 point
2. Research shows that about __________ of adolescents (ages 12 to 19) are obese. (1 point)
(0 pts) 10.5%
(0 pts) 12.5%
(0 pts) 14.5%
(1 pt) 15.5%
0 /1 point
3. How many children (ages 6 to 11) in America are obese? (1 point)
(0 pts) 12.5%
(0 pts) 14.2%
(1 pt) 15.3%
(0 pts) 10.3%
1 /1 point
4. Childhood obesity caused by overeating can: (1 point)
(0 pts) Stunt a child’s height, which will become normal as he becomes an adult
(0 pts) Cause a child to be tall for his age, even though he may not be tall as a adult
(1 pt) Stunt a child’s height, causing him to be a shorter adult than genetics would have intended
(0 pts) Slow a child’s mental development
1 /1 point
5. Which one of the following is NOT a cause of obesity? (1 point)
(0 pts) Overeating
(0 pts) Insufficient exercise
(0 pts) Genetics and hormonal disorders
(1 pt) Anorexia nervosa
1 /1 point
6. Which disease once consider “adult onset” is now afflicting children and adolescents? (1 point)
(0 pts) Type 1 diabetes
(1 pt) Type 2 diabetes
(0 pts) High blood pressure
(0 pts) High cholesterol
1 /1 point
7. Children who suffer from __________________ could face a variety of medical problems when they grow up including amputations, kidney failure, and blindness. (1 point)
(1 pt) Type 2 diabetes
(0 pts) High blood pressure
(0 pts) Heart disease
(0 pts) Cancer
1 /1 point
8. What is the most common cause of childhood obesity? (1 point)
(0 pts) Medical conditions
(0 pts) Genetic disorders
(1 pt) Unhealthy diets and a lack of physical activity
(0 pts) Hormonal conditions
1 /1 point
9. What is one of the most important measurements used to determine obesity? (1 point)
(0 pts) Weight
(0 pts) Resting heart rate
(1 pt) Body Mass Index (BMI)
(0 pts) Calories
1 /1 point
10. A BMI of ________ or higher is considered obese. (1 point)
(0 pts) 20
(0 pts) 25
(0 pts) 32
(1 pt) 30
1 /1 point


the ideas are good, but i think you're making too many generalizations. Instead of saying there are a lot of obese people and ignorant parents, i would suggest using specific examples. Those would be more convincing to me b/c very few people at my school are overweight and i know plenty of health-conscience parents. good luck!


yes it is in a roundabout way. Some parents use food as a way of reward and/or love. It is extremely hard work to raise a child and even more of a challenge to enforce new heatky eating habits. Alot of the time, the parent will give in a give the child the food they desire. It seems much easier to do at the time. Make an effort to help the child develop healthy habits. To make things easier, the entire household can start follwing a more The end result could be a child who is unhealthy and obese. It takes 21 days to break a bad habit. It also takes 21 days to get caught up in a bad addicction and/or habits Self discipline on the part of the parent and child must be enforced. Every effort should be focused on a nre way of eating healthy. We eat to live-Not live to eat. Instill healthy values , morals and habits at an early age and stick with them


Yes my little brother has before. They tested for bladder infections etc. They gave him a medication which helped for a while, and now he has quit taking it and so he's got the problem back again. Good luck!


Have you had any problems with your spine? I was diagnosed with spondylosis of the cervical spine which has caused neurological damage. This can cause bedwetting.


1 A (I believe obesity is a body fat %, not necessarily a number over an ideal body weight)

#2 and #3 I really dont know, but if I were taking this as a test I would guess C on both

#4 C

#5 D

#6 B

#7 A

#8 C

#9 C

#10 D

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