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Diabetes in Children

By regst
Diabetes among Children

Diabetes among Children

Even Children, like adults, are often diagnosed with diabetes. Most children have type 1 or juvenile diabetes that will require insulin on a regular basis to sustain proper body functions. There are growing numbers of children that are now being diagnoses with type 2 diabetes that has historically only been found in adult populations.

Most facts about children and diabetes highlight the importance of understanding this disease and finding ways to manage and control it effectively:

  • One in every 300-450 children in the world has diabetes.
  • Approximately 175,000 children in the United States under the age of 18 have diabetes.
  • Type 1 or juvenile diabetes occurs when the immune system begins to generate cells that destroy the pancreatic cells responsible for producing insulin in the body. If the child does not receive insulin every day the child will die.
  • 13,000 children are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes every year. These children are at a greater risk for heart attack, stroke, kidney disease and immune complications throughout their lives.
  • Type 2 or adult onset diagnosis is becoming more prevalent in children. This is a condition where the body is unable to utilize the insulin produced because it has built up a resistance to the insulin. Over time the pancreas is unable to produce sufficient quantities of insulin, and complications arise.
  • Type 2 diabetes is more closely linked to obesity, especially if there is a history of diabetes in the family. It is also more prevalent in African American, Latino, Asian, and American Indian children.

Controlling diabetes in children

Just like adults, children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes will need to closely monitor both their food intake and the amount of exercise that they complete each day. While not required to eliminate all their favorite foods, it is important to teach children concepts of portion control and healthy eating. Often in todays culture there is so much to get done in a day that meals are often skipped or eaten on the run or in the car. Fast foods are not a good substitute for fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meats and whole grains.

Try to schedule so that your child has time to sit down to a balanced meal as often as possible, ideally three times per day. Try to include whole grains, fiber, lean meats, fish, dairy products and fresh fruits and vegetables. To get children to eat healthy try the following:

  • Trail mix including a variety of nuts, dried soy nuts, dried fruits instead of potato chips.
  • Granola bars instead of cookies or donuts.
  • Whole grain bread instead of white bread.
  • Carrot and celery sticks instead of French fries
  • Bake foods instead of deep frying
  • Salads with meals or as an appetizer before meals
  • Raw vegetables or fruits dipped in yogurt

Remember that modeling healthy lifestyles will help your children learn. Exercise together as a family. Go for a bike ride, walk, or go to the park and have fun together. Small changes in lifestyles can lead to big changes in health conditions over time. Start small and work together as a family to reach your diet and exercise goals.

Henry Anhalt, DO, FAAP, FACOP, FACE, CDE Director, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes at Saint Barnabas Medical Center

About Author

B.Sc.(Med.), B.Ed., M.A.(Edu.), M.Litt.(Edu.), Ph.D.(Edu.Psy.), PGDCA.

Served as Science Master, Employment Department as Vocational Guidance Officer.

Retired from Employment Department, Punjab India as Dy. Director (Off.) and Remained Incharge of Overseas Employment Cell of Punjab Govt. for 5 yeras.

More than 60 articles published in Punjabi News Papers like Punjabi Tribune, Daily Ajit, Jagbani and Chardhikala.

Serving now Arihant Computer Center

Popularity: 4% [?]

Categories : Diabetes-News



wow. Looks like you had allot of thought to this. My thoughts to this. People have been drinking milk for positively centuries and millenia. If you like it, drink it. If you don't, don't.


Mary is right on about type II diabetes Unhealthy diet lack of exercise are causes of Type II diabetes. The rise in obesity in children is most definitely connected to the increase in diabetes among children.. it's sad our youth are overindulged they live on fast food and the TV/video games are used as a babysitter. When I was a kid we were out running around from sun up to sun down. I never played video games or watch much TV beyond Saturday morning cartoons.

My only disagreement is the statement that Type I is almost always due to genetics .. You can inherit a tendency to develop type 1 diabetes. However, most people who have the disease have no family history of it. Some experts believe that a genetic tendency and some environmental factors may increase the risk of developing the disease but the actual cause is unknown. I know two people who got type I because of medication they had taken (my husband is one) and another who developed diabetes because of a serious childhood illness. None of them had a family history of diabetes type I or Type II


Nice information i like these videos! why are morechildren getting type 2 diabetes?


There is no reason to re-invent the wheel.
There is tons of information out there.

Ask a local hospital or diabetes center to help out.


Clearly, your thoughts are quite accurate.
There is lots of information available about Toxins and the Immune System. Dr. Grace Ziem MD,

and Dr. Martin Pall
as well as many other doctors write about this.

Good Reading:

Go to Environmental Health Perspectives and read more about the environment and your health. Lots of good info there.

Still need more… Look up MCS and see all the info available on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity.


Hi Josh -

You are a teenager, right? And going to a guitar teacher who did not go to medical school, right? I teach at a med school, and while you could go to doctor and get the whole glucose testing, it seems to me that you just need a little more sleep. Some teens sleep up to 12 hours a day or more. If you are not suffering from dizziness, a rapid sudden weight loss (like losing 20 pounds in a month but eating the same amount) or other serious problems, it sounds like more rest will hook you up. I never heard of yawning being an indicator for diabetes, but if you are really worried, talk to your folks.



You can't get a rid of diabetes. They haven't found a cure yet. =[


Wow you must be really curious to write all that. You're facts seem right on.I myself work out for 1 hour 5 times a week at my workplace. I think the workplace should encourage exercise and also the schools like you mentioned.

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