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Diabetes, Type 1, Type 2, Glucose, Insulin

By regst
diabetes symptoms 300x203 Diabetes, Type 1, Type 2, Glucose, Insulin

Different Type of Diabetes

There are many types of diabetes, but the three most common are:

1. Type 1

2. Type 2

3. Gestational

These three types of Diabetes are same with some differences, everyone with diabetes has one thing in common and that is little or no ability to move glucose out of the blood into the cells, where it is converted into body’s primary fuel. We all have glucose in our blood, whether or not we have diabetes. Main source for glucose is food which we eat. When we eat, the digestive system breaks down food into glucose, which is absorbed into the blood in the small intestine.

People who don’t suffer from diabetes depend on insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to move glucose from the blood into the body’s billions of cells. But people who suffer from diabetes either don’t produce insulin or can’t efficiently use the insulin produced in their body. Without insulin, glucose can’t move into blood cells. Scientists don’t know the exact reason behind cause’s diabetes, but it seems to be a result from a combination of genetics and environmental factors, including viral infections, poor diet, and sedentary lifestyle. Till now, diabetes has no solution, but the good news is that the disease can be managed and treated. People with diabetes can live fulfilling, healthy lives.

Type 1

Diabetics with type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or IDDM don’t produce insulin and require regular supply of insulin to keep their blood glucose levels normal. Type 1 diabetes was known as juvenile-onset diabetes, but that name has been changed because type 1 diabetes also strikes young and older adults alike.

Risk factors

  • A family history of the diabetes increases risk for next generations.
  • Diabetes can happen in people of every society, but it’s most common among whites.
  • Half of type 1 diabetics are under the age of 20. Being age 20 or younger increases the risk.

What causes it?

Most of the children, whose parents are diabetics, do not suffer from this disease, but scientists still believe that heredity plays a big role in Type 1 diabetes because it tends to run in families.
Researchers have researched on several genes that appear to increase risk of type 1 diabetes. But they haven’t got a single gene that causes diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes has many hallmarks of an auto-immune condition. In auto-immune diseases, the immune system, this protects from disease by killing invading germs. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the immune system kills the cells in the pancreas that produces insulin.
Type 1 diabetes often occurs shortly after a viral infection, and doctors sometimes notice a sharp jump in type 1 diabetes diagnoses after viral epidemics.

Type 2

Approximately 95 % of diabetics suffer with type 2 diabetes which is also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or NIDDM. Type 2 Diabetics produces insulin, but the cells in their bodies are “insulin resistant” they can’t respond properly to the hormone, so glucose is accumulated in their blood. Some people with type 2 diabetes inject insulin, but mostly can control the disease through a combination of weight loss, exercise, a prescription oral diabetes medication, and tight control.

Risk factors

  • Similar to Type 1, Type 2 disease also runs in families and increase the risk for upcoming generations.
  • Most of the diagnosed people with type 2 are above of age 30 or older. Half of all new cases lie between age 55 and older.
  • In comparison of whites and Asians, type 2 diabetes is more commonly found among Native Americans, African-Americans, Latinos, and Hispanics.
  • Insulin resistance results in increment of weight and decrement of physical activities. Most of the people suffering from type 2 diabetes have sedentary lifestyles and are obese; there weight increases at least 20 percent more than the recommended weight according to their height and build.
  • Less exercise, especially for those who are overweight, increases the risk for diabetes.
  • If a female developed gestational diabetes during pregnancy, she is at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes later.
  • Females who have given birth to babies weighing 9 pounds or more are at an increased risk of Type 2 Diabetes.

What causes it?

Scientists are not sure, but type 2 diabetes, like type 1 diabetes, flows from families to families, which shows some genetic connection. In fact, a genetic link in Type2 diabetes seems even stronger in comparison with type 1. Scientists have not yet found a single gene that causes the disease, but they are still in search for errors in several that may contribute to the disease. Researchers also have a doubt on genetic susceptibility to obesity.

Obesity is the only single most important cause of type 2 diabetes. There are different definitions for obesity, but in general, Obesity occurs if a person’s weight is at least 20 percent more than what’s recommended according to their height and build. 75% of people with type 2 diabetes have problem of being overweight. That’s why type 2 diabetes is usually linked with diet and exercise.

Less weight and good muscles helps the body use insulin more effectively. This is very important to know how much weight we should carry. People whose weight is above their hips have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who carry it on their hips.

Age also plays an important role in type 2 diabetes. Most of the newly diagnosed are of age 55 and above, and around 11 percent of Americans ages 65 to 74 suffers from type 2 diabetes. However, it is not sure if age is a cause of type 2 diabetes or it is simply a reflection of the fact that people tend to gain weight and become less physically active as they grow older.


Gestational diabetes affects only to pregnant ladies without any previous history of diabetes. Nearly 137,000 U.S. females develop gestational diabetes each year.

Typically, gestational diabetes is cleared up on its own after female’s delivery. But research shows that about 40% of females with gestational diabetes face type 2 diabetes within 15 years. All pregnant ladies should be tested for gestational diabetes between their 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes and insulin resistance can be prevented by keeping a healthy weight, having healthy food and with the help of regular exercise.

Risk factors

  • Diabetes problem flows from generation to generation.
  • Increase in weight, increases insulin resistance.
  • Native Americans, African-Americans, and people of Hispanic or Latino descent are at increased risk. Whites and Asians have a lower risk.

What causes it?

Hormones may play an important role. Pregnant ladies produce various hormones important for their baby’s growth. However, these hormones may interfere with the mother’s body’s ability to properly use insulin, causing insulin resistance.

Every pregnant lady has some degree of insulin resistance. But if this resistance becomes full-blown gestational diabetes, it usually appears around the 24th week of pregnancy. That’s why all pregnant ladies should be screened for gestational diabetes at that time.

Watch the video related to diabetes

Help answer the question about diabetes

How high are my risks for getting diabetes?
My sister has type 1 diabetes, and she told me that I have a good chance of getting it too because our great grandfather and his mother had diabetes. A lot of other people in my family have it, on my mom’s side. What are my chances of getting Type 1 diabetes?

About Author

Prashant Jain


Popularity: 4% [?]

Categories : Diabetes-News



When I mention my diabetes I always mention it as "Type 1" and never just as diabetes. I do not like the term juvenile diabetes. Juveniles becomes adults and their is nothing juvenile about diabetes. Does it go away the person turns 18? No.

Type 1 and Type 2 make sense to me. The public must be educated.


DM I cannot be cured by diet and exercise… it is an AUTOIMMUNE attack on Beta cells … which means INSULIN cannot be made… insulin is the ONLY hormone that is anabolic, you can’t store energy – you waste away; you need INSULIN, diet and EXERCISE to be optimal… not just diet and exercise for DM I… for II insulin doesn’t really help as significantly but hypoglycemic drugs and loosing weight helps – its also more genetically correlated than type I… read scientific reviews!


I have type 2, was never over weight…never sick a day in my family history. Went to the ER with a BS of 465. So who the hell knows…now my A1C is 5.4…with a little Insulin, working out & a diet…people on a crappy diet are asking for it!


Type 1 does require insulin injections. There are some type 2 diabetics who treat their diabetes with both medication and occasional insulin shots. ——————————————————————

It is always a good idea to check your blood sugar daily whether you are a type 1 or a type 2.


Well, foods like pasta, breaded products, high carb fruits like bananas and pineapple, and juice. Watch out for wheat and fruit in general. Mr. vegan lifestyle is completely off the mark. Its very safe to eat meat if you’re diabetic, cause there are ZERO carbs in meat. Believe me, i’ve had to learn this stuff since I was like 4.


There is no “catching” diabetes. Its an autoimmune disease thats passed down through your family. If you’re talking about type 2 diabetes, then someone who has a family history of diabetes and is overweight, a person may in fact develop diabetes by consuming an excess amount of carbohydrates.


you're right-you're doomed. everytime you stuff one of those yummies in your mouth, consider this…uncontrolled diabetes leads to vision loss,decreased circulation (leading to amputation of your leg or legs) , kidney failure(but that 3-4 hours on a dialysis machine 3 times a week will give you some time to reflect on your sorry situation) and cardiac problems(with your weight and hypertension, it's a given) plus a hundred other health probs r/t diabetes. contact the american diabetic assoc today.


1 = b

2 = d is false


Only type II diabtes can be cured with diet and exercise. Type I cannot be cured because the organ that makes insulin no longer works. Get your facts straight.

10 is the official website for the American Diabetes Assoc.


Type two generally starts out as "metabolic syndrome" which leads to insulin resistance. In the beginning, we actually secrete TOO MUCH insulin which causes fat storage increasing the amount of insulin resistance further. Once blood sugar levels start rising to a certain level, the beta cells of the pancreas are compromised and start ceasing to function. So the whole thing snowballs from there. The fix is to start eating a high nutrient, low carb, natural foods based diet to reduce the load on the system, and to exercise daily in order to lower the insulin resistance. In many cases, full reversal can be achieved.

What you feel like and what's really going on are nearly impossible to determine without expensive lab tests. The good news is, you don't have to know…. both conditions are treated the same.


Only people who don’t have diabetes or diabetics who have never been on pork or beef natural insulin think the DNA synthetic insulin is a predictable safe insulin. Only the DNA insulin is available in America and due to the FDA’s red tape and regulations, it’s impossible to import badly needed pork insulin from the UK. That’s wrong.


While I do not deny genetics plays a role in developing Type 1 diabetes mellitus, I strongly believe and suggest both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus are caused by diets. We can prevent them from happening and can manage them by diets for either cure or at least less dependence on medications and insulin. Read Carbohydrates Can Kill for the answer. Good luck. Robert Su, M.D.


Ok.. Thanks for the info.. So, what type of foods have the most carbohydrates?


Well, if your mother had real type I diabetes (which usually starts much earlier in life) and it sounds like your father does not have diabetes at all (technically 100 is the upper limit of normal for a fasting glucose, between 100 and 125 is considered to be impaired fasting glucose, which is a prediabetic state, and above 126 is diabetes) I would say that your chances of developing type I at this age are very low and that of developing type 2 is that of the normal population.
If what you tell me about your father is accurate, then he isn't really in danger of becoming diabetic any time soon, and regular surveillance when he goes to his doctor should be fine to catch it if it does happen.


1) In the early phases (and sometimes throughout the whole thing) of type 2, the main problem is insulin resistance – the body is not responding to the insulin. A lot of times, if you measure, the insulin levels will actually be high in a type 2. In all phases of type 1, there is simply not enough insulin produced, and thus type 1's require exogenous insulin. Sometimes, very early in type 1, initial treatment allows the pancreas to produce more insulin, such that the required amount of injected insulin is very little or none (the honeymoon period), but eventually the pancreas peters out and the dosage goes up.

2) The oral meds do several things. They sensitize the body to insulin, and they stimulate the release of insulin. They also stimulate glycogen production, which helps lower the glucose level. The first 2 things are the most common, though.

3) This goes back to number 1. Without insulin, no amount of diet and exercise will yield normal sugars. That being said, diet and exercise will help type 1's have better control of their sugars and may reduce the dose of insulin necessary because exercise uses glucose, and sensitizes the body to the insulin they are giving themselves.


I think you're a honeymooning Type 1 or possibly Type 2.

Sometimes newly diagnosed Type 2s are hypoglycemic. Their primary insulin response–what prevents you from spiking too high immediately after eating–is impaired, and often they see blood sugar spikes into the 200s and 300s after a meal very high in carbohydrates, but their secondary insulin response–what brings down blood sugar by the two- or three-hour mark–still functions. The pancreas almost overcompensates for the high blood sugar and releases far too much insulin, resulting in a rapid drop. No wonder you felt like crap. Going from the high 200s to 50 in less than three hours would make anyone sick!

The fact that some days you're normal makes me lean toward honeymooning Type 1. 'Honeymooning' means that you retain some pancreatic function. This is sort of a transitional phase for many Type 1s who catch the disease early enough. It's still entirely possible that you're a hypoglycemic Type 2 and that you're experiencing somewhat normal blood sugar some days because of your diet. For example, newly diagnosed Type 2s can stay on a low-carbohydrate and maintain normal blood sugar. On these days, you might take your blood sugar and think, "Cool, I'm normal." Then other days you have a McFlurry, test, and see that you spiked, which would lead you believe–rightly so–that you're diabetic.

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